Judicial Creativity and Judicial Errors: An Organizational Perspective
Journal of Institutional Economics
The different role played by case law and the historical and conceptual differences between the doctrines of precedent in common law and civil law traditions are important determinants of judicial creativity. In this article we consider a hybrid version of stare decisis, called with the French name of jurisprudence constante, adopted by mixed jurisdictions. Unlike stare decisis which allows a single precedent to establish case law, the doctrine of jurisprudence constante links the recognition of a judge-made rule to the existence of a consecutive line of decisions affirming the same legal principle. We develop a model to consider the effects of this doctrine on the social costs arising from judicial error and uncertainty in case law. We further consider the effects of these alternative doctrines of precedent on judicial creativity and ideological bias in judge-made law.
Francesco Parisi and Barbara Luppi, Judicial Creativity and Judicial Errors: An Organizational Perspective, 6 91 (2010), available at https://scholarship.law.umn.edu/faculty_articles/708.