Minnesota Law Review
Congress urgently needs to reformulate the antitrust labor exemption. Courts and legal scholars alike 1 have largely neglected the legal significance of the impact of industry-wide collective bargaining on price-output decisions in concentrated industries. They have, moreover, attended even less to the skewing tendencies produced by the almost universally practiced seniority system on labor union bargaining strategies.
Daniel J. Gifford, Redefining the Antitrust Labor Exemption, 72 Minn. L. Rev. 1379 (1988), available at https://scholarship.law.umn.edu/faculty_articles/326.