Iowa Law Review
U.S. private sector unionism is in decline. From a high watermark in 1953 of around 35.7% of the private nonagricultural workforce, union membership has fallen to 11.5% and unions represent under 13% of private sector workers. 1 Absent reform of the labor relations system, the trend is clear. Unions will remain a significant force in government employment, big-city commercial construction, rail and air transportation, and certain shrinking mining and manufacturing industries. Aside from these pockets of unionism, however, workplace-based representation of the interests of working people will become a distinctly marginal phenomenon in our society.
Daniel J. Gifford, Labor Law and Its Reform, 80 Iowa L. Rev. 201 (1994), available at https://scholarship.law.umn.edu/faculty_articles/321.