Stanford Law Review
Between September 28 and November 3, 1862, in southwestern Minnesota, nearly four hundred Dakota 1 men were tried for murder, rape, and robbery. All but seventy were convicted, and 303 of these were condemned to die. 2 After an official review of the trials, the sentences of thirty-eight were confirmed and, on December 26, 1862, these thirty-eight were hanged in Mankato, Minnesota, in the largest mass execution in American history. On November 11, 1865, after three additional trials, two more Dakota followed them to the gallows.
Carol Chomsky, The United States-Dakota War Trials: A Study in Military Injustice, 43 Stan. L. Rev. 13 (1990), available at http://scholarship.law.umn.edu/faculty_articles/226.